"Last year's Yuan night, the flower market lights like the day. The willow heads are on the moon, and people meet after dusk." The fifteenth day of the first lunar month is the Lantern Festival. The Chinese Lantern Festival is an important festival of the Han people. The Xiao Lantern Festival and the Lantern Festival are major annual events in China throughout the residences of the Han people. Lantern Festival and Lantern Festival are not only the main part of Chinese lantern culture, but also an important part of Chinese New Year culture.
The "Lantern Festival Lantern Festival" is a traditional folk event that men, women and children enjoy. According to relevant records, the Lantern Festival has existed two thousand years ago, and the reason for its formation is closely related to an emperor. Emperor Wenwen of the Han Dynasty was the emperor of the Eastern Han Dynasty. During his reign, he concentrated on governing the country and the people lived and worked in peace and contentment. Emperor Wenwen of Han advocated Buddhism very much in his daily life. He heard that at the 15th day of the first lunar month, monks had the tradition of Buddhist lamps. Therefore, he issued an order in the palace that on the fifteenth night of the first lunar month, the palace should be brightly lit, and all the lights should be lit, praying to the Buddha to bless and prosper. As Emperor Wen of Han promoted Buddhism, the custom of burning lanterns on the fifteenth day of the first lunar month was introduced to the people, and the lantern festival was gradually recognized by the people. In the early days of the Southern Dynasties, the Lantern Festival was held in Nanjing, which was also the earliest recorded lantern festival in my country.
The original Lantern Festival Lantern Festival was to pray for the good weather and the people to live a happy life. However, with the development of the dynasty, the Lantern Festival lantern began to be entertaining. After Emperor Xiaowu ascended the throne in the Southern Song Dynasty, papermaking technology developed rapidly. As a result, low-cost paper began to replace silk fabrics. Taking advantage of this opportunity, the lantern art market was quickly opened. Craftsmen applied colorful paper to lanterns to create a variety of "lights watching" for everyone to watch.
According to "Zi Zhi Tong Jian", we learned: "The sixth year of the great cause of the Lantern Festival, Emperor Yang celebrated in Duanmen Street...lights and lights." Through this record, we can imagine the grand occasion of the Lantern Festival. When foreign envoys came to visit, they couldn't help but utter sighs. The Tang Dynasty is one of the most prosperous economic dynasties in our country. When the economy and culture collide, what will happen to the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival? When the Lantern Festival arrives, the soldiers in the palace will be very busy. When the people get together, it will definitely affect the social order. Therefore, they will arrive at the designated posts in advance to ensure the smooth flow of people. We can only describe the scene of people in the Tang Dynasty watching the lanterns as "a sea of people". In addition to the hanging lanterns, the ministers also put out lanterns, which is even more beautiful.
In the period of feudal society, the women who did not leave the cabinet were "the door cannot go out and the door cannot be moved". On the fifteenth day of the first lunar month, they will be extremely excited. With the company of the maid, the women can go out and watch the lanterns. Of course, while watching the lanterns, they can also look for someone they love or get a meeting with a loved one. With the change of dynasties, the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival has changed with each passing day and become grand. During the Han Dynasty, the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival lasted for three days in the Tang Dynasty, and after the arrival of the Song Dynasty, it became another five days. After Zhu Yuanzhang moved his capital to Nanjing, every year he invested a lot of manpower, material resources and financial resources to run the lantern festival, and issued an edict to turn it into ten nights. Judging from the number of extended days, we can know the popularity of this festival.
Today, the Lantern Festival Lantern Festival has become a place for everyone to entertain. In addition to watching lantern activities, we can also participate in lantern riddles or have a bowl of steaming dumplings. The traditional form of activities is changing, but the festive atmosphere of the Lantern Festival is strong. Amidst the laughter and laughter, watch a feast of "lights".